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Orthopedic Oncology

Texas Oncology’s Sarcoma and Orthopedic Oncology program focuses exclusively on cancers of the musculoskeletal system. Our highly experienced team of orthopedic oncologists and medical professionals provides patients with advanced, patient-friendly cancer treatment and care.

At Texas Oncology, sarcoma and bone cancer patients benefit from our experienced team- including an orthopedic surgeon and oncologist-leading-edge medical services and treatment options, advanced technology, and innovative research programs.

Sarcomas and Bone Cancers Treated

Orthopedic oncologists and surgeons at Texas Oncology treat the following sarcomas and bone cancers:

Bone Cancer
Orthopedic cancers are associated with bones. Most often, orthopedic cancers are metastatic, meaning the cancer has spread from another part of the body. Sarcoma is the most common cancer type that begins in bone. There are many forms of bone cancers, but not all bone cancers are sarcomas. The three types of bone sarcomas are osteosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma, and chondrosarcoma. Learn More.

A sarcoma is a form of cancer that develops in connective tissues or bone. Sarcomas usually begin in the limbs and may originate from bone, muscle, fat, blood vessels or nerves, or, in most cases, the cell of origin is unknown. There are two major categories of sarcomas – soft tissue and bone – and each has several sub-types. Learn More.

Ewing's Sarcoma
Ewing’s sarcoma is a rare type of bone sarcoma. It most often starts in the pelvis, followed by the femur, and can spread to other bones, bone marrow, and vital organs. Ewing’s sarcoma is more common in teenagers and young adults, but can occur at any age. Learn More.

Hypercalcemia is an increased level of calcium in the bloodstream. This disorder is most commonly caused by malignancy (called hypercalcemia of malignancy) or primary hyperparathyroidism. It may be related to the spread of cancer from its site of origin to bones in the body-a process called metastasis. Learn More.

Kaposi's Sarcoma
Kaposi’s sarcoma causes abnormalities to develop in the tissues below the skin surface anywhere on the body or in the mucous membranes of the mouth, nose, or anus. These skin abnormalities occur on the lower limbs in 90% of cases and appear as raised and discolored blotches or lumps that may be disfiguring but rarely cause discomfort or pain. Learn More.

Osteosarcoma is the most common type of cancer of the bone. It originates most frequently in the thigh bone, lower leg, or upper arm. While the cause of most cases of osteosarcoma is unknown, the main known cause is radiation therapy. Osteosarcoma is a relatively frequent complication in survivors of childhood cancers treated with radiation therapy. Learn More.

Soft Tissue Sarcomas
Soft tissue sarcomas are more common and mostly occur in the elderly. They can originate from cells of muscle, fat, nerve, fibrous tissue, deep skin tissue, or blood vessels. However, in most cases, the cell of origin is unknown. Soft tissue sarcomas are most frequently found in the arms or the legs, but can occur anywhere in the body. Learn More.

Bone Cancer and Sarcoma Treatment

Patients with sarcomas and bone cancers often require a combination of therapies, including: surgery, medical oncology, and radiation therapy.

Bone Cancer and Sarcoma Helpful Resources

Learn more about sarcoma and orthopedic oncology: