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Treatment Options

We have a wide range of options to treat cancer, and your individual plan may include a variety of scans, tests, and therapies.

Your oncologist will recommend a treatment plan based on your specific type of cancer, your overall health, and your treatment goals. It is increasingly common to use a combination of treatments, either concurrently or in sequence. This is referred to as multi-modality treatment of the cancer.

We try to minimize disruptions to your life. The majority of the services you will need are provided at one of our community cancer centers, which are specifically designed for your comfort.

Our patient-focused medical teams work together at every stage. Our approach gives you the advantage of tapping into our extensive network and collective expertise.


Surgery is used to diagnose, determine a stage, and treat cancer.

A biopsy is a common procedure often performed in the physician’s office or an outpatient surgery center. A tissue sample is removed from the suspected cancer and examined in a lab. A positive biopsy indicates the presence of cancer; a negative biopsy may indicate that no cancer is present in the sample.

When surgery is used for treatment, the cancer and some surrounding tissue are typically removed. In addition to treating the cancer, we gain useful information for predicting the likelihood of recurrence and determining if other treatment is needed.


Chemotherapy is any treatment involving the use of drugs to kill cancer cells.

Chemotherapy may be a single drug or combinations of drugs. It can be administered through a vein, injected into the body, or delivered orally as a pill. The cancer-fighting drugs then circulate through your blood to kill cancer cells. It is considered a systemic treatment since it can eliminate cancer cells at great distances from the original cancer.

More than half of all cancer patients receive chemotherapy. Many of the side effects once associated with chemotherapy are now more easily prevented or managed, often allowing you to work, travel, and lead your normal life while receiving chemotherapy.


Radiation therapy, or radiotherapy, uses high-energy rays to damage or kill cancer cells and prevent them from growing and dividing. Radiation may be used to cure or control cancer or to ease the symptoms caused by cancer. It may be used alone or in combination with other treatments, such as chemotherapy and surgery.

Radiation therapy may be externally or internally delivered.

  • External radiation delivers high-energy rays directly to the tumor site from a machine outside the body.
  • Internal radiation, or brachytherapy, involves implanting a small amount of radioactive material in or near the cancer.

Radiation therapy is a localized treatment and is not typically useful for cancer cells that have already spread to other parts of the body.